Pediatrics and neonatology
Pediatrics by the definition of the founder of the Russian pediatrics S.F. Hotovitsky given in 1847 in the first Russian government of Pediyatrik: "there is a science about distinctive features, departures and diseases of a children's organism and the preservation of health based on those features and treatment of diseases at children". The main objective of pediatrics is the preservation or return (at a disease) the states of health to the child allowing it to realize most fully the inborn potential of life.
Neonatology — the section of medicine studying babies and newborns, their growth and development, their diseases and morbid conditions.